Active Ingredients of Food

Active Substances of Food and its Sources

Food not only contains carbohydrates, protein and fat, but also all the important nutrients that are essential for a healthy life, such as vitamins, micro elements and minerals. In food all necessary substances for our organism exist in an optimal absorbable form. Please note from the following table how the substances take effect and their sources:

Active substance Effect Sources
Allicin sulfur-containing compound with antibacterial and antimycotic (anti fungal) properties; lowers cholesterol and other blood fats, and works against blood agglutination Leek, garlic, chives, onion
Amino acids protein components for cells, enzymes and other essential compounds produced naturally in the body Beans, peas, lentils, soya, avocado, mushrooms, fish, meat, eggs, fennel
Essential oils antibacterial and anti fungal effects; support digestion Watercress, red radish, white radish, herbs
Beta-carotene responsible for the orange-red color of fruits and vegetables; from it the organism can make vitamin A; protects against free radicals, myocardium diseases and cancer; regenerates the mucous membranes and eyes Cauliflower, broccoli, mangold, carrot, pumpkin, zucchini, cabbage, spinach, leek, red pepper, apricot, melon, berries, mango, papaya, peach
Bioflavonoids protect cells against oxidation and therefore aging; they support the absorption of vitamin C, strengthen the capillary system and protect the vessels against deposits; they have antibacterial and antiviral effect Apple, blueberries, citrus fruits, cherries, onion
Biotin Vitamin H, the beauty vitamin for skin, nails and hair Cabbage, cherries, corn, eggs, raspberries
Bitter substances stimulate digestion by supporting the release of enzymes, particularly in the pancreas Chicory, arugula, radicchio, dandelion, herbs, watercress
Bromelin protein-splitting enzyme, which has anti-inflammatory effects Pineapple
Capsaicin antioxidant that has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects; at the same time it prevents blood clotting and keeps the blood flowing Red pepper, chili
Cynarin bitter substance that stimulates the bile outflow of the liver; lowers cholesterol and prevents gallstone formation Artichoke
Iron mineral substance, necessary for the formation of red blood cells supplying the cells with oxygen Beans, lentils, spinach, plum, nuts, leaf salads, broccoli, onion, pumpkin, leek
Erepsin protein-splitting enzyme, which kills dangerous bacteria and worms in the intestine Cucumber
Fatty acids, essential, unsaturated important by forming the cell membrane; involved in the hormone constitution that works against inflammation, swelling, pain and itching; regulate the lipometabolism Oils, soya, avocado, nuts, fish, olives, sweet corn
Folic acid jointly responsible with other substances in cell formation and production of red blood cells; supports blood circulation and helps with the production of antibodies which protect against infections Artichoke, cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, red radish, white radish, asparagus, grapes, apricot, citrus fruits, melon, corn, pears, milk products
Iodine micro element that is necessary for the production of thyroid hormones; important for physical and mental development Eggs, seafood, mushrooms, grapes, banana, sea salt
Potassium regulates body fluid and transmits nerve impulses; important substance for the heart; antagonist to sodium; supports the expulsion of water Cauliflower, cabbage, artichoke, celery, mushrooms, potato, pumpkin, apple, banana, strawberries, pear
Calcium essential mineral substance for building bones and teeth; regulates the heart beat, strengthens the muscles and is important for the cell metabolism and the transmission of nerve impulses Cauliflower, beans, potato, nuts, watercress, cabbage, mangold, spinach, currants, cherries, eggs, milk products
Catechine tanning agent, which has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects and binds heavy metals in the bowel Strawberries
Carbohydrates sugar components, which are comfort food; have an energizing effect and kill deficiency in concentration Sweet corn, potato, banana, fig
Copper micro element that is important for bone growth; helps with iron absorption and is a component of many enzymes that protect against free radicals Mango, plum, avocado, blackberries
Lecithin essential fatty acid and comfort food Avocado, soya
Linolenic essential fatty acid; anti-inflammatory; lowers blood pressure and blood fat levels Oils, fish
Lycopenes A special type of carotene, which protect the oily-wet protective membrane of the cells, and also other cell components such as mitochondria, the power house of our cells; effective against cancer Tomato
Magnesium essential mineral substance for bone and teeth growth and muscle formation; calms the nerves and the heart Broccoli, cabbage, beans, peas, pumpkin, nuts, leaf salads, spinach, mangold, kiwi, zucchini, mango, peach, grapes
Manganese micro element, important for bone growth and hematosis, nerves and brain; stimulates the production of thyroid hormones; provides skin and hair with color pigments Strawberry, mushrooms, sweet corn, nuts, mango, beetroot, leaf salads
Mannoheptulose special type of sugar that lowers the insulin level as well as the blood sugar level; ideal for overweight people Avocado
Papain protein-splitting enzyme which helps with the digestion of proteins Papaya
Pectin digestive enzyme that lowers blood lipid levels, blood pressure and binds heavy metals; reduces the risk of colon cancer Apple
Phytoestron similar to estrogen and herbal substances; reduces menopausal symptoms and the risk of breast cancer Soya
Selenium micro element that has antioxidant effects and therefore protects against aging and cancer; important for growth, immune system, fertility, thyroid, skin and hair Mushrooms, carrot, tomato, eggs, nuts, potato, seafood, sweet corn, red radish, white radish
Silicon supports bone growth; strengthens connective tissue and provides a beautiful skin Cucumber, beetroot
Tannin tanning agent, which supports the formation of the mucous membrane, relieves inflammation and kills bacteria Blueberries
Terpenes antibacterial and anti fungal essential oil that disinfect the mucous membranes and blocks inflammation Celery
Vitamin A (Retinol) important antioxidant; improves eyesight; protects against colds and supports skin structure and formation of the mucous membrane; can be formed out of the beta-carotene in plants Meat, fish, eggs, (plants - see beta-carotene)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) protects the nerves against inflammation, supports concentration and helps with depression and nervousness; protects the heart against stress; important for the carbohydrate metabolism Leek, sweet corn, cabbage, zucchini, peas, watercress, asparagus
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) important for protein, sugar and fat metabolism; supports eyesight; involved in building the blood pigment and the regeneration of the mucous membranes;supports visual functions and controls healthy psychological behavior Cabbage, asparagus, watercress, liver, seedlings
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) calms the nerves and supports concentration; protects the skin against UV rays and keeps it elastic and smooth; controls blood circulation and has important functions in metabolism Cabbage, zucchini, sweet corn, potato, mushrooms, celery, asparagus, apricot, currant, mango, melon, peach
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) strengthens the immune system and helps with nutritive exploitation; supports the processes of the central nervous system; protects against allergies and is involved in the formation of hormones Sweet corn, mushrooms, watercress, cabbage, celery, avocado, apricot, currant, mango, papaya
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) important for nerves and protein metabolism; supports the processes of the central nervous system; regulates the balance of the unsaturated fatty acids Onion, cabbage, avocado, banana, red pepper, asparagus, melon, mango
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) responsible for the development of protein, ribonucleic acids and red blood cells Meat, eggs, fish, milk products, lentils, beans, peas, sauerkraut
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) antioxidant and important substance for the immune system, wound healing, cell repair and development of hormones, bone and skin; active in the complete metabolism Broccoli, cabbage, carrot, kiwi, berries, red pepper, cherries, citrus fruits
Vitamin D (Calciferol) necessary that calcium can be built in the bone; best source of vitamin D is sunlight Eggs, milk products, fish oil, sunlight
Vitamin E (Tocopherol) important antioxidant that protects skin, nerves, muscles and heart; the best anti-aging vitamin Oils, nuts, asparagus, olives
Zinc strengthens the immune system; supports fertility and wound healing; supports growth and night vision; component of many important enzymes Peas, lentils, potato, cherries, red pepper, fennel, beans, pumpkin seeds, meat, fish, eggs, milk products, peach, plum, onion, tomato, asparagus, mushrooms, sweet corn, broccoli

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